You must not stop or park next to kerbs painted with yellow lines. If it is a broken yellow line you can stop there but not park. Time and other restriction are marked on signs nearby. You can only park on the right hand side of the road unless there is a sign which says otherwise. In some cities, some roads have alternate side parking. Look at what everyone else is doing to be sure.
Most city centre roadside parking is payable at a machine or parking meter. Some take credit cards as well as cash. There are also municipal and commrcial parking garages where machines or attendants will take your money.
It’s possible to buy an International Blue Parking Disc from many shops and kiosks or police stations, these enable you to park in designated blue zones.
Enforcement of parking is done by the police and may involve a fine or your car being towed. In paris, clamping operates. You should follow the instructions on the notice to get your car unclamped.
France follows EU guidelines on parking for holders of an EU Disabled Parking Permit but check details carefully where you intend to park for any local conditions.