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EU Child Car Seat Laws

Total Countries
34
Total Countries With National Law
33
Total Countries With Out National Law
1
Do you need to use child car seats in Europe?
Yes, under EU law, all children must travel in an appropriate car seat (child restraint system) when travelling on the roads in any EU country. The driver of the car is ultimately responsible for ensuring that any children travelling in the car are doing so in an appropriate car seat for their age / height.
 
What are the car seat laws in Europe?
  • Children under 3 may only travel in private or goods vehicles where an appropriate car seat (child restraint system) is used.
  • Children aged 3-12 must use an appropriate car seat (child restraint system) with the seat belt (where fitted).
  • Rear facing car seats may only be used where an active airbag is disabled.
  • Any child under 150 cm (or less than 36kg) must use an appropriate car seat (child restraint system) for the weight and height.
  • Children should where possible, travel in the rear seats of a car, however it is not a legal requirement to do so.
  • Backless booster seats can only be used by children over 125 cm tall.
 
Car seat exemptions in Europe
Whilst the EU regulations aim to improve the safety of children when travelling on its roads, there are exemptions to the law as it’s not always possible to use a car seat, these include;
  • Taxis / private hire vehicles are not required to have suitable child car seats for all eventualities. If you plan to use a taxi / private hire in Europe, you should consider how safe that is for your child.
  • Children over 3 may use a regular seatbelt in the rear seats of a car where there is no more room for a child car seat
  • Where it is not possible for the child to sit in the rear seats, they may travel in the front seat provided that a suitable car seat for their weight / height is used.
  • Bus / coach travel does not require a child seat, however where regular seatbelts are provided, children aged 3-12 must use them (as all passengers).
 
Do children need a car seat in a taxi in Europe?
The use of child car seats in a taxi in Europe is generally not required as taxi are exempt from the EU rule. However, you should check for any local / country restrictions as the EU laws are a minimum standard and some member states have imposed stricter regulations around child car seats.
 
Are car seat laws the same across Europe?
No, whilst the EU law sets a minimum standard required for all member states, some countries have higher standards that you should be aware of before taking to the roads. Whilst generally speaking you should be able to use your own car seat across the EU member states, you should check in advance to ensure you comply with the relevant car seat laws in Europe.
 

Select country from the drop down or click the starting letter for the country below:

Show all

National Child Restraint Law: Yes
Child Restraint Required: Up to 14 yrs / 150 cm
Standard Referred / Specified: Yes

**R44 / R129 (i-size)

Front Seat Restrictions: Permitted in a child restraint
Required in Taxi: No

**Children must sit in the back seats when travelling in a taxi.

What car seat do you need in Austria?
Seat type Age Weight Height
Rear Facing 15 months 29 lbs N/A
Forward Facing 4 years 40 lbs N/A
Booster 14 years 79 lbs 150 cm
Booster Cushion 14 years 79 lbs 150 cm
Table shows respective up to age, weight, height values for each seat type.

Fines:

The fine for traveling with children under 14 years of age in the front seat and for those traveling in the back of the car without a child seat is up to EUR 5000. You could also recieve a demerit point under the demerit points system. Two demerit points within 2 years will result in a compulsory course about child restraint.

More Information:

Last Checked: 25/11/2020

National Child Restraint Law: Yes
Child Restraint Required: Up to 18 yrs / 135 cm
Standard Referred / Specified: Yes

**R44 / R129 (i-size)

Front Seat Restrictions: Permitted in a child restraint

**The airbag must be deactivated when a rear-facing child restraint is used.

Required in Taxi: No

**Children must sit in the back seats when travelling in a taxi.

What car seat do you need in Belgium?
Seat type Age Weight Height
Rear Facing 15 months 29 lbs N/A
Forward Facing 4 years 40 lbs N/A
Booster 18 years 79 lbs 135 cm
Booster Cushion 18 years 79 lbs 135 cm
Table shows respective up to age, weight, height values for each seat type.

Fines:

Travelling with children who are not using either a child seat or booster will result in a fine of 174 Euros.

More Information:

Last Checked: 25/11/2020

National Child Restraint Law: Yes
Child Restraint Required: Up to 150 cm
Standard Referred / Specified: Yes

**R44 / R129 (i-size)

Front Seat Restrictions: Permitted in a child restraint

**Provided that the airbag is deactivated a child may travel in a rear-facing child restraint system.

Required in Taxi: No
What car seat do you need in Bulgaria?
Seat type Age Weight Height
Rear Facing 24 months 29 lbs N/A
Forward Facing 4 years 40 lbs N/A
Booster 12 years 79 lbs 150 cm
Booster Cushion 12 years 79 lbs 150 cm
Table shows respective up to age, weight, height values for each seat type.

Fines:

Travelling with children who are not using a child seat or booster seat  will result in a fine of BGN 50 and 6 points.

More Information:

Last Checked: 01/12/2020

National Child Restraint Law: Yes
Child Restraint Required: Up to 135 cm
Standard Referred / Specified: Yes

**R44 / R129 (i-size)

Front Seat Restrictions: Forbidden under 135 cm

**Front seating for children under 135 cm is only allowed as an exception if there are no seats in the back or all other seats are occupied by children

Required in Taxi: yes

**Car seats are not mandatory by law in a taxi but the child must sit in the back seat.

What car seat do you need in Canary Islands?
Seat type Age Weight Height
Rear Facing 24 months 29 lbs N/A
Forward Facing 4 years 40 lbs N/A
Booster 6 years 53 lbs 150 cm
Booster Cushion 12 years 79 lbs 150 cm
Table shows respective up to age, weight, height values for each seat type.

Fines:

The penalty for not using the correct restraint is £60 and 3 penalty points.

More Information:

Children under 150cm in height must use the correct child restraint when travelling. Or who weigh less than 36kg.

Last Checked: 10/11/2020

National Child Restraint Law: Yes
Child Restraint Required: Up to 135 - 150 cm

**A child of height 135-150 cm can be restrained with an adult seat belt only provided that this child sits in the rear of the car

Standard Referred / Specified: No

**R44 / R129 (i-size)

Front Seat Restrictions: Forbidden under 150 cm

**A child may ride in the front passenger seat as long as they are in a rear car safety seat and the air bag is deactivated.

Required in Taxi: Yes
What car seat do you need in Croatia?
Seat type Age Weight Height
Rear Facing 24 months As stated by seat manufacturer N/A
Forward Facing 5 years As stated by seat manufacturer N/A
Booster 12 years 79 lbs 135 cm
Booster Cushion 12 years 79 lbs 135 cm
Table shows respective up to age, weight, height values for each seat type.

Fines:

Travelling with children with no child seat or booster will result in a fine of  HRK 1,000

More Information:

Last Checked: 01/12/2020

National Child Restraint Law: Yes
Child Restraint Required: Up to 135 - 150 cm

**A child of height 135-150 cm can be restrained with an adult seat belt only provided that this child sits in the rear of the car

Standard Referred / Specified: Yes

**R44 / R129 (i-size)

Front Seat Restrictions: Permitted in a child restraint

** A child may travel in a rear-facing child restraint system provided the airbag is deactivated.

Required in Taxi: Yes
What car seat do you need in Cyprus?
Seat type Age Weight Height
Rear Facing N/A As stated by seat manufacturer N/A
Forward Facing N/A As stated by seat manufacturer N/A
Booster 6 years N/A 150 cm
Booster Cushion 6 years N/A 150 cm
Table shows respective up to age, weight, height values for each seat type.

Fines:

Tavelling with children who are not restrained using a  child seat or booster will result in a fine of 300 Euros.

More Information:

Last Checked: 02/12/2020

National Child Restraint Law: Yes
Child Restraint Required: Up to 36 kg / 150 cm
Standard Referred / Specified: Yes

**R44 / R129 (i-size)

Front Seat Restrictions: Permitted in a child restraint

**Provided that the airbag is deactivated a child may travel in a rear-facing child restraint system.

Required in Taxi: No

**Children must not ride in the front seat.

What car seat do you need in Czech Republic?
Seat type Age Weight Height
Rear Facing 15 months 29 lbs N/A
Forward Facing 4 years 40 lbs N/A
Booster 12 years 79 lbs 150 cm
Booster Cushion 12 years 79 lbs 150 cm
Table shows respective up to age, weight, height values for each seat type.

Fines:

Travelling with children with no child seat or booster will result in a fine of CZK 2,000 and 4 points.

More Information:

Last Checked: 02/12/2020

National Child Restraint Law: Yes
Child Restraint Required: Up to 135 cm
Standard Referred / Specified: Yes

**R44 / R129 (i-size)

Front Seat Restrictions: Permitted in a child restraint

**Provided the airbag is deactivated  a rear-facing restraint can be used

Required in Taxi: No

**Children do not need to have a child seat in a taxi however it is recommended.

What car seat do you need in Denmark?
Seat type Age Weight Height
Rear Facing 15 months 29 lbs N/A
Forward Facing 4 years 40 lbs N/A
Booster 12 years 79 lbs 135 cm
Booster Cushion 12 years 79 lbs 135 cm
Table shows respective up to age, weight, height values for each seat type.

Fines:

The fine for traveling with children in the back of a car without a child seat is DKK 2,000 + clip. If the child is in a rear facing car seat with an  active front airbag the fine is DK 1,000.

More Information:

Last Checked: 02/12/2020

National Child Restraint Law: Yes

(The legislation generally states that children not tall enough to wear a seat belt must be secured by a safety device corresponding to the height and weight of the child but does not specify age / height / weight group covered.)

Child Restraint Required:
Standard Referred / Specified: No
Front Seat Restrictions: No restrictions
Required in Taxi: No

**Children under the age of 3 may be carried in the back seat of a taxi as long as sat on the lap of an adult passenger. Childen over the age of 3 at least one child must be fastened with a child/booster seat depending on their height.

What car seat do you need in Estonia?
Seat type Age Weight Height
Rear Facing N/A As stated by seat manufacturer N/A
Forward Facing N/A As stated by seat manufacturer N/A
Booster 12 years N/A 135 cm
Booster Cushion 12 years N/A 135 cm
Table shows respective up to age, weight, height values for each seat type.

Fines:

More Information:

Last Checked: 03/12/2020

National Child Restraint Law: Yes
Child Restraint Required: Up to 135 cm
Standard Referred / Specified: Yes

**R44 / R129 (i-size)

Front Seat Restrictions: Permitted in a child restraint

**Provided that airbag is deactivated if child is in a rear-facing child restraint system

Required in Taxi: Under 3

**A child under the age of 3 must use a car seat in a taxi. Children over the age of 3 and less than 135cm are not required to use a car seat in a taxi but must not sit in the front seat.  

What car seat do you need in Finland?
Seat type Age Weight Height
Rear Facing 15 months 29 lbs N/A
Forward Facing 4 years 40 lbs N/A
Booster 12 years 79 lbs 135 cm
Booster Cushion 12 years 79 lbs 135 cm
Table shows respective up to age, weight, height values for each seat type.

Fines:

Travelling with children not secured in a  child seat or booster will result in a fine of 35 Euros.

More Information:

Last Checked: 03/12/2020

National Child Restraint Law: Yes
Child Restraint Required: Up to 12 yrs
Standard Referred / Specified: Yes

**R44 / R129 (i-size)

Front Seat Restrictions: Forbidden under 10 years

**If under 10 years of age  a child can sit in the front passenger seat  if  seated in a rear-facing child restraint as long as the front airbag is deactivated and  if there are no rear seats available.

Required in Taxi: No
What car seat do you need in France?
Seat type Age Weight Height
Rear Facing 15 months 29 lbs N/A
Forward Facing 4 years 40 lbs N/A
Booster 12 years 79 lbs 150 cm
Booster Cushion 12 years 79 lbs 150 cm
Table shows respective up to age, weight, height values for each seat type.

Fines:

The fine for traveling with children under 10 years of age in the front seat and for those traveling in the back of the car without a child seat is EUR 135.

More Information:

Last Checked: 03/12/2020

National Child Restraint Law: No
Child Restraint Required:
Standard Referred / Specified:
Front Seat Restrictions: Forbidden under 12 years
Required in Taxi: No
What car seat do you need in Georgia?
Seat type Age Weight Height
Rear Facing N/A N/A N/A
Forward Facing N/A N/A N/A
Booster N/A N/A N/A
Booster Cushion N/A N/A N/A
Table shows respective up to age, weight, height values for each seat type.

Fines:

More Information:

Last Checked: 10/11/2020

National Child Restraint Law: Yes
Child Restraint Required: Up to 12 yrs / 150 cm
Standard Referred / Specified: Yes

**R44 / R129 (i-size)

Front Seat Restrictions: Permitted in a child restraint
Required in Taxi: Yes
What car seat do you need in Germany?
Seat type Age Weight Height
Rear Facing 15 months 20 lbs N/A
Forward Facing 4 years 40 lbs N/A
Booster 12 years 79 lbs 150 cm
Booster Cushion 12 years 79 lbs 150 cm
Table shows respective up to age, weight, height values for each seat type.

Fines:

Travelling with children who are not seated in a child seat or booster seat  will result in a fine of 30 Euros.

More Information:

Last Checked: 03/12/2020

National Child Restraint Law: Yes
Child Restraint Required: Up to 135 - 150 cm

**The use of a seat belt is allowed for children of height 135-150 cm sitting in the rear.

Standard Referred / Specified: Yes

**R44 / R129 (i-size)

Front Seat Restrictions: Permitted in a child restraint
Required in Taxi: Yes
What car seat do you need in Greece?
Seat type Age Weight Height
Rear Facing 15 months 29 lbs N/A
Forward Facing 4 years 40 lbs N/A
Booster 12 years 79 lbs 150 cm
Booster Cushion 12 years 79 lbs 150 cm
Table shows respective up to age, weight, height values for each seat type.

Fines:

The fine for traveling with children under 12 years of age in the front seat and for those traveling in the back of the car without a child seat is upto to 350 Euros.

More Information:

Last Checked: 04/12/2020

National Child Restraint Law: Yes
Child Restraint Required: Up to 135 - 150 cm

**Children can be seated in the rear with seat belts if they are of a height between 135 - 150 cm.

Standard Referred / Specified: Yes

**R44 / R129 (i-size)

Front Seat Restrictions: Permitted in a child restraint
Required in Taxi: No
What car seat do you need in Hungary?
Seat type Age Weight Height
Rear Facing 15 months 29 lbs N/A
Forward Facing 4 years 40 lbs N/A
Booster 12 years 79 lbs 150 cm
Booster Cushion 12 years 79 lbs 150 cm
Table shows respective up to age, weight, height values for each seat type.

Fines:

Travelling with children who are not restrained in a child seat or booster seat shall be fined HUF 10,000 within residential areas and  HUF 20,000 if outside of residential areas. Motorways and expressways will incur a fine of HUF 30,000. .

More Information:

Last Checked: 04/12/2020

National Child Restraint Law: Yes
Child Restraint Required: Up to 135 cm
Standard Referred / Specified: Yes

**R44 / R129 (i-size)

Front Seat Restrictions: Permitted in a child restraint

**Children under 150 cm are allowed in front only if the front airbag is deactivated.

Required in Taxi: Yes
What car seat do you need in Iceland?
Seat type Age Weight Height
Rear Facing 24 months 29 lbs N/A
Forward Facing 4 years 40 lbs N/A
Booster 10 years 79 lbs 135 cm
Booster Cushion 10 years 79 lbs 135 cm
Table shows respective up to age, weight, height values for each seat type.

Fines:

Travelling with children with no child seat or booster will result in a fine of ISK 30,000.
 

More Information:

Last Checked: 04/12/2020

National Child Restraint Law: Yes
Child Restraint Required: Up to 36 kg / 150 cm
Standard Referred / Specified: Yes

**R44 / R129 (i-size)

Front Seat Restrictions: Permitted in a child restraint

**Provided the airbag is deactivated a child is permitted to travel in a rear-facing child restraint system

Required in Taxi: No

**Children under 3 years of age can be carried on a back seat of a taxi by an adult as long as that adult is wearing a seatbelt. Children over the age of 3 do not need to be in a car seat but must be sat in the back with a seatbelt.

What car seat do you need in Ireland?
Seat type Age Weight Height
Rear Facing 15 months 29 lbs N/A
Forward Facing 4 years 40 lbs N/A
Booster 6 years 55 lbs 150 cm
Booster Cushion 12 years 79 lbs 150 cm
Table shows respective up to age, weight, height values for each seat type.

Fines:

Drivers can receive at least 3 penalty points if they place a rear-facing child car seat in the front where there is an active airbag or if travelling with a child with no child or booster seat.
 

More Information:

Last Checked: 04/12/2020

National Child Restraint Law: Yes
Child Restraint Required: Up to 150 cm
Standard Referred / Specified: Yes

**R44 / R129 (i-size)

Front Seat Restrictions: Permitted in a child restraint

**Provided the airbag is deactivated a child may travel in a rear-facing child restraint system

Required in Taxi: No

**Children are not required to have a car seat when travelling in a taxi however they must sit in the back with a seatbelt on.

What car seat do you need in Italy?
Seat type Age Weight Height
Rear Facing 15 months 29 lbs N/A
Forward Facing 4 years 40 lbs N/A
Booster 12 years 79 lbs 150 cm
Booster Cushion 12 years 79 lbs 150 cm
Table shows respective up to age, weight, height values for each seat type.

Fines:

Travelling with children not seated in a  child seat or booster seat will result in a fine from 80 - 323 Euros along with a 5 point deduction from the driving license.

More Information:

Last Checked: 04/12/2020

National Child Restraint Law: Yes
Child Restraint Required: Up to 150 cm
Standard Referred / Specified: Yes

**R44 / R129 (i-size)

Front Seat Restrictions: Permitted in a child restraint

**Except if no seat belt is fitted in the vehicle, in which case children under 150 cm shall be travelling in the rear

Required in Taxi: No
What car seat do you need in Latvia?
Seat type Age Weight Height
Rear Facing 15 months 29 lbs N/A
Forward Facing 4 years 40 lbs N/A
Booster 14 years 79 lbs 150 cm
Booster Cushion 14 years 79 lbs 150 cm
Table shows respective up to age, weight, height values for each seat type.

Fines:

Travelling with children who are not secured in a child seat or booster will result in 2 penalty points and may be fined.

More Information:

Last Checked: 05/12/2020

National Child Restraint Law: Yes
Child Restraint Required: Up to 135 cm
Standard Referred / Specified: Yes

**R44 / R129 (i-size)

Front Seat Restrictions: Permitted in a child restraint

**Airbags must be deactivated when transported in a rear facing restraint.

Required in Taxi: No
What car seat do you need in Lithuania?
Seat type Age Weight Height
Rear Facing 15 months 29 lbs N/A
Forward Facing 4 years 40 lbs N/A
Booster 12 years 79 lbs 150 cm
Booster Cushion 12 years 79 lbs 150 cm
Table shows respective up to age, weight, height values for each seat type.

Fines:

Travelling with children who are not secured in a  child seat or booster seat may result in a fine of 69 Euros.

More Information:

Last Checked: 07/12/2020

National Child Restraint Law: Yes
Child Restraint Required: Up to 18 yrs / 150 cm

**Children under 150cm in height and under 18 but weigh more than 79 pounds can be transported in the back of the car without a child seat.

Standard Referred / Specified: Yes

**R44 / R129 (i-size)

Front Seat Restrictions: Permitted in a child restraint

**Provided the airbag is deactivated a child may travel in a rear-facing child restraint system

Required in Taxi: No
What car seat do you need in Luxembourg?
Seat type Age Weight Height
Rear Facing 15 months 29 lbs N/A
Forward Facing 4 years 40 lbs N/A
Booster 18 years 79 lbs 150 cm
Booster Cushion 18 years 79 lbs 150 cm
Table shows respective up to age, weight, height values for each seat type.

Fines:

Travelling with children not secured in either a child or booster seat will see the driver lose 2 points from their driving licence.

More Information:

Last Checked: 07/12/2020

National Child Restraint Law: Yes
Child Restraint Required: Up to 12 yrs/150 cm

**Legislation refers to child restraint use for children up to 12 yrs /150 cm but allows children aged 3 year and over, in the absence of an available restraint, to travel in the rear.

Standard Referred / Specified: Yes

**R44 / R129 (i-size)

Front Seat Restrictions: Permitted in a child restraint

**Provided the airbag is deactivated a child may travel in a rear-facing child restraint system.

Required in Taxi: No
What car seat do you need in Malta?
Seat type Age Weight Height
Rear Facing 15 months 29 lbs N/A
Forward Facing 4 years 40 lbs N/A
Booster 12 years 79 lbs 150 cm
Booster Cushion 12 years 79 lbs 150 cm
Table shows respective up to age, weight, height values for each seat type.

Fines:

Travelling with children not secured in either a  child or booster seat will result in a fine up to €58.

More Information:

Last Checked: 08/12/2020

National Child Restraint Law: Yes
Child Restraint Required: Up to 18 yrs / 135 cm
Standard Referred / Specified: Yes

**R44 / R129 (i-size)

Front Seat Restrictions: Permitted in a child restraint

**Provided the airbag is deactivated a child may travel in a rear-facing child restraint system.

Required in Taxi: No

**Children must sit in the back seats with a seat belt.
 

What car seat do you need in Netherlands?
Seat type Age Weight Height
Rear Facing 15 months 29 lbs N/A
Forward Facing 4 years 40 lbs N/A
Booster 18 years 79 lbs 135 cm
Booster Cushion 18 years 79 lbs 135 cm
Table shows respective up to age, weight, height values for each seat type.

Fines:

Travelling with children who are not secured in a child seat or booster will result in a fine of 140 Euros.

More Information:

Last Checked: 09/12/2020

National Child Restraint Law: Yes
Child Restraint Required: Up to 135 - 150 cm

**Child restraints for children under 150 cm are required. With the case of children 135-150 cm in height a seat belt can be used only if seated in the rear.

Standard Referred / Specified: Yes

**R44 / R129 (i-size)

Front Seat Restrictions: Permitted in a child restraint

**Provided the airbag is deactivated a child may travel in a rear-facing child restraint system.

Required in Taxi: Yes
What car seat do you need in Norway?
Seat type Age Weight Height
Rear Facing 12 months 29 lbs N/A
Forward Facing 4 years 40 lbs N/A
Booster 12 years 80 lbs 135 cm
Booster Cushion 12 years 80 lbs 135 cm
Table shows respective up to age, weight, height values for each seat type.

Fines:

Travelling with children who are not secured in a child seat or booster will result in a fine of NOK 1,500.

More Information:

Last Checked: 09/12/2020

National Child Restraint Law: Yes
Child Restraint Required: Up to 135 - 150 cm

**Child restraints are required for children under 150 cm. By exception, children of height 135-150 cm can be restrained with a seat belt only if sitting in the rear.

Standard Referred / Specified: Yes

**R44 / R129 (i-size)

Front Seat Restrictions: Permitted in a child restraint

**Provided the airbag is deactivated a child may travel in a rear-facing child restraint system.

Required in Taxi: No
What car seat do you need in Poland?
Seat type Age Weight Height
Rear Facing 12 months 29 lbs N/A
Forward Facing 4 years 40 lbs N/A
Booster 12 years 79 lbs 150 cm
Booster Cushion 12 years 79 lbs 150 cm
Table shows respective up to age, weight, height values for each seat type.

Fines:

Travelling with children who are not secured in a child seat or booster will be committing a traffic violation for which a fine of PLN 150 is issued. Also 6 penalty points will be given. The driver will also be penalized if the child is in a rear facing car seat  without the airbag deactivated.

More Information:

Last Checked: 15/12/2020

National Child Restraint Law: Yes
Child Restraint Required: Up to 12 yrs / 135 cm
Standard Referred / Specified: Yes

**R44 / R129 (i-size)

Front Seat Restrictions: Forbidden under 12 years /135 cm

**Provided the airbag is deactivated a child under 3 years of age may travel in a rear-facing child restraint system.

Required in Taxi: No
What car seat do you need in Portugal?
Seat type Age Weight Height
Rear Facing 15 months 29 lbs N/A
Forward Facing 4 years 40 lbs N/A
Booster 12 years 79 lbs 135 cm
Booster Cushion 12 years 79 lbs 135 cm
Table shows respective up to age, weight, height values for each seat type.

Fines:

Travelling with children who are not secured in either a  child seat or booster will result in a fine of €120 to €600.

More Information:

Last Checked: 15/12/2020

National Child Restraint Law: Yes

(Romania follows the EU law on child restraints.)

Child Restraint Required: Up to 135 cm
Standard Referred / Specified: Yes

**R44 / R129 (i-size)

Front Seat Restrictions: Permitted in a child restraint

**Where the airbag is deactivated in compliance with the manufacturer's instructions and for rear-facing restraint.

Required in Taxi: Yes

**Children under the age of 3 may travel without the use of a car seat if a restraint is not available.
Children over the age of 3 up to 12 years old must use a restraint, however this is exempt if travelling in the rear seat of a taxi.

What car seat do you need in Romania?
Seat type Age Weight Height
Rear Facing 15 months 29 lbs N/A
Forward Facing 4 years 40 lbs N/A
Booster 6 years 55 lbs 150 cm
Booster Cushion 12 years 79 lbs 150 cm
Table shows respective up to age, weight, height values for each seat type.

Fines:

RON 360-450 will be the penalty if found to not be using a child restraint.

More Information:

Last Checked: 15/12/2020

National Child Restraint Law: Yes

(Children under the age of 4 must use a child seat to the correct height requirement.)

Child Restraint Required: Up to 150 cm
Standard Referred / Specified: Yes
Front Seat Restrictions: Permitted in a child restraint

**A child aged between 4 and 12 years old can only travel in the front seat if they have the appropriate restraint.

Required in Taxi: Yes

**Child restraints must be used in accordance to the correct height and weight limit.

What car seat do you need in San Marino?
Seat type Age Weight Height
Rear Facing 15 months 29 lbs N/A
Forward Facing 4 years 40 lbs N/A
Booster 6 years 55 lbs 135 cm
Booster Cushion 12 years 79 lbs 150 cm
Table shows respective up to age, weight, height values for each seat type.

Fines:

Fines can be severe if pulled over without the use of a seatbelt/child restraint.

More Information:

Children travelling in a UK registered vehicle must be in a restraint according to the UK legislation.

Last Checked: 14/12/2020

National Child Restraint Law: Yes
Child Restraint Required: Up to 150 cm
Standard Referred / Specified: Yes

**R44 / R129 (i-size)

Front Seat Restrictions: Permitted in a child restraint

**Provided the airbag is deactivated a child may travel in a rear-facing child restraint system.

Required in Taxi: Yes

**If a child restraint is not available with the taxi provider a child over 3 can sit in the back of the vehicle with a seat belt.

What car seat do you need in Slovakia?
Seat type Age Weight Height
Rear Facing 15 months 29 lbs N/A
Forward Facing 4 years 40 lbs N/A
Booster 6 years 55 lbs 150 cm
Booster Cushion 12 years 79 lbs 150 cm
Table shows respective up to age, weight, height values for each seat type.

Fines:

If a seat belt or child restraint is not in use and you are stopped by the police a fine of 50 EURO per passenger will apply.

More Information:

Last Checked: 15/12/2020

National Child Restraint Law: Yes
Child Restraint Required: Up to 150 cm
Standard Referred / Specified: No

**R44 / R129 (i-size)

Front Seat Restrictions: Permitted in a child restraint

**Provided that airbag is deactivated if child is in a rear-facing child restraint system

Required in Taxi: Yes

**Children under the age of 3 must use a child seat. There is an exemption If a restraint is unavailable by the taxi provider.

What car seat do you need in Slovenia?
Seat type Age Weight Height
Rear Facing 15 months 29 lbs N/A
Forward Facing 4 years 40 lbs N/A
Booster 6 years 55 lbs 150 cm
Booster Cushion 12 years 79 lbs 150 cm
Table shows respective up to age, weight, height values for each seat type.

Fines:

A fine of 120 Euro will be applicable if you do not comply with the child seat regulations.

More Information:

If an older vehicle does not have fitted seat belts and therefore you cannot use a child restraint then a child over 3 years old and measuring less than 150cm may travel in the back seat of a vehcile without a child seat.

Last Checked: 15/12/2020

National Child Restraint Law: Yes
Child Restraint Required: Up to 135 cm
Standard Referred / Specified: Yes

**R44 / R129 (i-size)

Front Seat Restrictions: Forbidden under 135 cm

**Front seating for children under 135 cm is only allowed as an exception if there are no seats in the back or all other seats are occupied by children

Required in Taxi: Yes

**If you land at an Airport in Spain or out of the city a child restraint must be used. However if you are travelling in a taxi in a city area a child seat is not required.

What car seat do you need in Spain?
Seat type Age Weight Height
Rear Facing 15 months 29 lbs N/A
Forward Facing 4 years 40 lbs N/A
Booster 6 years 55 lbs 135 cm
Booster Cushion 12 years 79 lbs 135 cm
Table shows respective up to age, weight, height values for each seat type.

Fines:

Around 300 Euro is the penalty appliled if travelling with a child not secured in a car seat in Spain.

More Information:

Children under 18 years old and under 135cm tall must travel in a UN R44/R129 approved child restraint in the back seat of a car only. 

Last Checked: 15/12/2020

National Child Restraint Law: Yes
Child Restraint Required: Up to 135 cm
Standard Referred / Specified: Yes

**R44 / R129 (i-size)

Front Seat Restrictions: Permitted in a child restraint

**Provided the airbag is deactivated a child may travel in a rear-facing child restraint system.. Or  if 140 cm tall or more  it is safe for a child to sit in the front seat with a connected airbag. 

Required in Taxi: Yes

**You may bring your own child seat or ask the taxi company to provide one at an extra cost.

What car seat do you need in Sweden?
Seat type Age Weight Height
Rear Facing 15 months 29 lbs N/A
Forward Facing 4 years 40 lbs N/A
Booster 6 years 55 lbs 135 cm
Booster Cushion 12 years 79 lbs 135 cm
Table shows respective up to age, weight, height values for each seat type.

Fines:

Failure of a driver to ensure a child is fitted with the correct child restraint will result in a 2,500 kr fine. 

More Information:

Last Checked: 15/12/2020

National Child Restraint Law: Yes
Child Restraint Required: Up to 12 yrs / 150 cm

**Children under the age of 12 and under the age of 150 cm shall be held in child restraint.

Standard Referred / Specified: Yes

**R44 / R129 (i-size)

Front Seat Restrictions: Permitted in a child restraint
Required in Taxi: yes

**Taxi drivers must offer a child car seat when a child under 12 is travelling or under 150 cm tall, often this incurs an extra fee of approx CHF 30 

What car seat do you need in Switzerland?
Seat type Age Weight Height
Rear Facing 12 months 29 lbs N/A
Forward Facing 4 years 40 lbs N/A
Booster 12 years 55 lbs 150 cm
Booster Cushion 12 years 79 lbs 150 cm
Table shows respective up to age, weight, height values for each seat type.

Fines:

A penalty of 60 CHF will be given if a child is not fitted with the correct restraint. 

More Information:

Last Checked: 10/11/2020

National Child Restraint Law: Yes

(Children must use a child seat until they are 12 or 135cm tall)

Child Restraint Required: Up to 12 yrs / 135 cm
Standard Referred / Specified: Yes
Front Seat Restrictions: Permitted in a child restraint
Required in Taxi: yes

**If the driver has a child seat this must be used. If no seat is available children over 3 must use an adult seat belt. There is only an exemption for children under 3 when they travel in the back seat of a taxi and a child seat is not available.

What car seat do you need in UK?
Seat type Age Weight Height
Rear Facing 15 months 29 lbs N/A
Forward Facing 4 Years 40 lbs N/A
Booster 6 years 55 lbs 135 cm
Booster Cushion 12 Years 79 lbs 135 cm
Table shows respective up to age, weight, height values for each seat type.

Fines:

£100 fixed penalty notice for the driver if a child under 14 does not have a child restraint fitted.

More Information:

Rear facing baby seats cannot be used in seats with an active air bag fitted.

Last Checked: 10/11/2020

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