Drive Smart
Wherever in the world you might be renting a car and driving in unfamiliar roads, you might want to know how dangerous the roads are.

We've looked at road deaths all over the world and compared dated from 2013 to 2016 to reveal the most dangerous roads in the world. Take extra care when driving in a country with the most dangerous roads...

Most Dangerous Roads in the World

We reveal the most dangerous roads by deaths on the roads in 2016 v 2013 by total number and by population.

A title that no country wants, however when driving in a different country it’s useful to know how dangerous the roads are. Our Drive Smart guides offer lots of useful driving information to help keep you safe on the roads. Here we look at the most dangerous roads in the world from total number of deaths on the road to deaths per 100,000 by population to give a fairer assessment of relatively how dangerous driving is in any given country. For example, more people die on the roads in the USA than almost any other country in the world, only India, China and Brazil have higher road fatality rates, however due to the population of the USA it’s actually a relatively low death per 100,000 population of just 12.4 deaths in 2016. Compared to some of the safest roads in Europe however with death rates of less than 3 people per 100,000 of the population, driving in the USA is still relatively dangerous.

most dangerous roads in the world

Most Dangerous Roads by Country

worlds most dangerous roads deaths by countryroad deaths by country by population

 

India tops the list with near 300,000 deaths on the roads in 2016, up 44% compared to 2013. That’s a staggering 92,000 more people killed on the roads since 2013. One of the main reasons for this huge number however is simply due to India having one of the largest populations of any country on the planet which is part of the reason for the high figure. A fast growing economy has also lead to a significant increase in the number of cars on the roads in India, further increasing reported death rates. When we look at number of deaths on the roads per 100,000 of the population however, India fares much better with around the global average of deaths per 100,000 at 22.6, far from the worst, which is 35.9 in Liberia.
China has the second most road deaths in the world with a little over a quarter of a million people losing their lives on the roads in 2016. Unlike India however, China is showing a negative trend since 2013 with a 2% drop. An emerging economy also, however china has invested massively in its infrastructure including its road network which has reduced the number of deaths on the roads in China, despite the number of road users still growing rapidly. When you compare China to the rest of the world in terms of deaths per 100,000 population, it sits below the average at 18.2 deaths per 100,000. It has a long way to go to equal the safest roads in the world in countries like the UK, Australia and much of western Europe and Scandinavia. Brazil is a distant 3rd with 41,000 roads deaths reported in 2016, a 13% reduction from near 47,000 in 2013.

Highest Road Deaths by Total Volume by Country - 2016

Country
Population (million)
Income*
Road Deaths 2013
Road Deaths 2016
% Change
India
1324.2
Middle
207,551
299,091
44%
China
1411.4
Middle
261,367
256,180
-2%
Brazil
207.7
Middle
46,935
41,007
-13%
USA
322.2
High
34,064
39,888
17%
Nigeria
186
Middle
35,641
39,802
12%
Indonesia
261.1
Middle
38,279
31,726
-17%
Pakistan
193.2
Middle
25,781
27,582
7%
Ethiopia
102.4
Low
23,837
27,326
15%
DR Congo
78.7
Low
22,419
26,529
18%
Russia
144
Middle
27,025
25,969
-4%
Viet Nam
94.6
Middle
22,419
24,970
11%
Bangladesh
163
Middle
21,316
24,954
17%
Thailand
68.9
Middle
24,237
22,491
-7%
Mexico
127.5
Middle
15,062
16,725
11%
Iran
80.3
Middle
24,896
16,426
-34%
Tanzania
55.6
Low
16,211
16,252
0%
South Africa
56
Middle
13,273
14,507
9%
Kenya
48.5
Middle
12,891
13,463
4%
Philippines
103.3
Middle
10,379
12,690
22%
Uganda
41.5
Low
10,280
12,036
17%
Myanmar
52.9
Middle
10,809
10,540
-2%
Sudan
39.6
Middle
9,221
10,178
10%
Turkey
79.5
Middle
6,687
9,782
46%

Most Dangerous Roads by Population

A more representative figure to assess the relative safety of a countries roads is to use the number of road deaths per 100,000 population. Whilst there are many factors that influence this (% of population that drive / use the roads), it’s a better indication of how dangerous the roads are in a given country. Whilst India an China undoubtedly have the highest number of total deaths on the road, neither feature in the most dangerous roads by population. Here you’ll find Liberia top the table with 35.9 deaths per 100,000, closely followed by Saint Lucia (although its low population casts doubt on this figure). 8 of the 10 countries with the worst road deaths by population are African nations, further supporting the data to suggest that the poorest countries have the worlds worst road safety records.
 

Highest Road Deaths by Population by Country - 2016

Country
Population (million)
Income*
Road Deaths 2013 per 100k population
Road Deaths 2016 per 100k population
% Change
Liberia
4.6
Low
31.4
35.9
14%
Saint Lucia
0.2
Middle
18.5
35.4
91%
Zimbabwe
16.2
Low
24.7
34.7
40%
Dominican Republic
10.6
Middle
28.7
34.6
21%
DR Congo
78.7
Low
28.5
33.7
18%
Central African Republic
4.6
Low
32.5
33.6
3%
Thailand
68.9
Middle
35.2
32.7
-7%
Guinea-Bissau
1.8
Low
25.8
31.1
21%
Malawi
18.1
Low
31.7
31
-2%
Burkina Faso
18.6
Low
27.2
30.5
12%
Namibia
2.5
Middle
22.2
30.4
37%
Mozambique
28.8
Low
28.3
30.1
6%
Cameroon
23.4
Middle
26.2
30.1
15%
Rwanda
11.9
Low
31.7
29.7
-6%
Gambia
2
Low
26.7
29.7
11%
Tanzania
55.6
Low
29.2
29.2
0%
Togo
7.6
Low
27.9
29.2
5%
Uganda
41.5
Low
24.8
29
17%
Lesotho
2.2
Middle
26.5
28.9
9%
Saudi Arabia
32.3
High
24.5
28.8
18%
Madagascar
24.9
Low
26.1
28.6
10%
Belize
0.4
Middle
22.1
28.3
28%
 

Least Improved Road Death Record by Country

Whilst road safety is generally improving, some countries have reported significant rises in road deaths from 2013 to 2016 with Tonga the worst offender seeing a 124% increase in deaths per 100,000 population, up from 7.5 to 16.8. Unsurprisingly, the worst offenders on paper are countries with very low populations, meaning the figures can be easily swayed by a relatively small number of reported incidents. Saint Lucia and the Sychelles have reported near double the number of road deaths from 2013 to 2016. The most worrying statistic here is the UAE with a population of 9.3 million, it has witnessed an increase in road deaths from 11 to 18.2 (per 100,000 population) in that same period. For a country with a very high income level, such an increase in road deaths is cause for concern.
 
Country
Population (million)
Income*
Road Deaths 2013 per 100k population
Road Deaths 2016 per 100k population
% Change
Tonga
0.1
Middle
7.5
16.8
124%
Saint Lucia
0.2
Middle
18.5
35.4
91%
Seychelles
0.1
High
8.5
15.9
87%
Kiribati
0.1
Middle
2.6
4.4
69%
Fiji
0.9
Middle
5.7
9.6
68%
UAE
9.3
High
11
18.1
65%
Panama
4
Middle
9.6
14.3
49%
Iceland
0.3
High
4.5
6.6
47%
Turkey
79.5
Middle
8.4
12.3
46%
Somalia
14.3
Low
18.6
27.1
46%
India
1324.2
Middle
15.7
22.6
44%
Zimbabwe
16.2
Low
24.7
34.7
40%
Guyana
0.8
Middle
17.8
24.6
38%
Namibia
2.5
Middle
22.2
30.4
37%
New Zealand
4.7
High
5.8
7.8
34%
Antigua and Barbuda
0.1
High
5.9
7.9
34%
Chad
14.5
Low
21.4
27.6
29%
Belize
0.4
Middle
22.1
28.3
28%
Israel
8.2
High
3.4
4.2
24%
Philippines
103.3
Middle
10
12.3
23%
Jamaica
2.9
Middle
11.1
13.6
23%
Bhutan
0.8
Middle
14.3
17.4
22%
Bulgaria
7.1
Middle
8.4
10.2
21%

Do Poor Countries Have More Dangerous Roads?

Sadly there does appear to be a direct correlation between the income level of a country and its road safety record. Lack of investment in infrastructure and older vehicles is a likely driving force to higher road deaths in poorer countries. Of the 20 countries with the worst road safety record, 13 fall into the low income bracket and 6 in the middle income bracket. Only Saudi Arabia feature in this list as a high income nation and the majority of the countries with the most recorded road deaths are in Africa.

See all Road Death Data;

Page Number :
Page Size :
CountryPopulationIncomeRoad Deaths 2013per 100k populationRoad Deaths 2016per 100k population% Change
Afghanistan 34.7 Low 4734 13.7 5230 15.1 0.1
Albania 2.9 Middle 478 16.3 399 13.6 -0.2
Algeria 41.3 unknown 9337 22.6 0
Andorra 0.1 unknown 6 6 0
Angola 28.8 Middle 5769 20 6797 23.6 0.2
Antigua and Barbuda 0.1 High 6 5.9 8 7.9 0.3
Argentina 43.8 Middle 5619 12.8 6119 14 0.1
Armenia 2.9 Middle 546 18.7 499 17.1 -0.1
Australia 24.1 High 1252 5.2 1351 5.6 0.1
Austria 8.7 High 455 5.2 452 5.2 0
Azerbaijan 9.7 Middle 943 9.7 845 8.7 -0.1
Bahamas 0.4 unknown 52 13 0
Bahrain 1.5 unknown 107 7.1 0
Bangladesh 163 Middle 21316 13.1 24954 15.3 0.2
Barbados 0.3 High 19 6.7 16 5.6 -0.2
Belarus 9.5 Middle 1282 13.5 841 8.9 -0.3
Belgium 11.4 High 746 6.6 657 5.8 -0.1
Belize 0.4 Middle 81 22.1 104 28.3 0.3
Benin 10.9 Low 2855 26.3 2986 27.5 0
Bhutan 0.8 Middle 114 14.3 139 17.4 0.2
Bolivia 10.9 Middle 2476 22.7 1687 15.5 -0.3
Bosnia and Herzegovina 3.5 Middle 676 19.2 552 15.7 -0.2
Botswana 2.3 Middle 477 21.2 535 23.8 0.1
Brazil 207.7 Middle 46935 22.6 41007 19.7 -0.1
Bulgaria 7.1 Middle 601 8.4 730 10.2 0.2
Burkina Faso 18.6 Low 5072 27.2 5686 30.5 0.1
Burundi 10.5 Low 0 3651 34.7
Cabo Verde 0.5 Middle 130 24.1 135 25 0
Cambodia 15.8 Middle 2635 16.7 2803 17.8 0.1
Cameroon 23.4 Middle 6136 26.2 7066 30.1 0.2
Canada 36.3 High 2114 5.8 2118 5.8 0
Central African Republic 4.6 Low 1495 32.5 1546 33.6 0
Chad 14.5 Low 3089 21.4 3990 27.6 0.3
Chile 17.9 High 2179 12.2 2245 12.5 0
China 1411.4 Middle 261367 18.5 256180 18.2 0
Colombia 48.7 Middle 8107 16.7 8987 18.5 0.1
Comoros 0.8 Low 0 211 26.5
Congo 5.1 Middle 1174 22.9 1405 27.4 0.2
Cook Islands 0 High 5 28.8 3 17.3 -0.4
Costa Rica 4.9 Middle 676 13.9 812 16.7 0.2
Côte d’Ivoire 23.7 Middle 4924 20.8 5582 23.6 0.1
Croatia 4.2 Middle 395 9.4 340 8.1 -0.1
Cuba 11.5 Middle 840 7.3 975 8.5 0.2
Cyprus 1.2 High 59 5 60 5.1 0
Czechia 10.6 High 654 6.2 630 5.9 0
Democratic Republic of the Congo 78.7 Low 22419 28.5 26529 33.7 0.2
Denmark 5.7 High 196 3.4 227 4 0.2
Djibouti 1 unknown 216 21.6 0
Dominica 0.1 Middle 11 15 8 10.9 -0.3
Dominican Republic 10.6 Middle 3052 28.7 3684 34.6 0.2
Ecuador 16.4 Middle 3164 19.3 3490 21.3 0.1
Egypt 95.7 Middle 10466 10.9 9287 9.7 -0.1
El Salvador 6.3 Middle 1339 21.1 1411 22.2 0.1
Equatorial Guinea 1.2 Middle 0 300 24.6
Eritrea 5 Low 1527 30.8 1255 25.3 -0.2
Estonia 1.3 High 90 6.9 80 6.1 -0.1
Eswatini 1.3 Middle 303 22.6 361 26.9 0.2
Ethiopia 102.4 Low 23837 23.3 27326 26.7 0.1
Fiji 0.9 Middle 51 5.7 86 9.6 0.7
Finland 5.5 High 258 4.7 260 4.7 0
France 64.7 High 3268 5 3585 5.5 0.1
Gabon 2 Middle 383 19.3 460 23.2 0.2
Gambia 2 Low 544 26.7 605 29.7 0.1
Georgia 3.9 Middle 514 13.1 599 15.3 0.2
Germany 81.9 High 3540 4.3 3327 4.1 -0.1
Ghana 28.2 Middle 6789 24.1 7018 24.9 0
Greece 11.2 High 1013 9.1 1026 9.2 0
Grenada 0.1 Middle 0 10 9.3
Guatemala 16.6 Middle 2939 17.7 2758 16.6 -0.1
Guinea 12.4 Low 3211 25.9 3490 28.2 0.1
Guinea-Bissau 1.8 Low 468 25.8 565 31.1 0.2
Guyana 0.8 Middle 138 17.8 190 24.6 0.4
Honduras 9.1 Middle 1408 15.5 1525 16.7 0.1
Hungary 9.8 High 765 7.8 756 7.8 0
Iceland 0.3 High 15 4.5 22 6.6 0.5
India 1324.2 Middle 207551 15.7 299091 22.6 0.4
Indonesia 261.1 Middle 38279 14.7 31726 12.2 -0.2
Iran 80.3 Middle 24896 31 16426 20.5 -0.3
Iraq 37.2 Middle 6826 18.3 7686 20.7 0.1
Ireland 4.7 High 188 4 194 4.1 0
Israel 8.2 High 277 3.4 345 4.2 0.2
Italy 59.4 High 3721 6.3 3333 5.6 -0.1
Jamaica 2.9 Middle 320 11.1 391 13.6 0.2
Japan 127.7 High 5791 4.5 5224 4.1 -0.1
Jordan 9.5 Middle 1913 20.2 2306 24.4 0.2
Kazakhstan 18 Middle 3983 22.1 3158 17.6 -0.2
Kenya 48.5 Middle 12891 26.6 13463 27.8 0
Kiribati 0.1 Middle 3 2.6 5 4.4 0.7
Kuwait 4.1 High 629 15.5 715 17.6 0.1
Kyrgyzstan 6 Middle 1220 20.5 916 15.4 -0.2
Lao People’s Democratic Republic 6.8 Middle 971 14.4 1120 16.6 0.2
Latvia 2 High 205 10.4 184 9.3 -0.1
Lebanon 6 Middle 1088 18.1 1090 18.1 0
Lesotho 2.2 Middle 584 26.5 638 28.9 0.1
Liberia 4.6 Low 1448 31.4 1657 35.9 0.1
Libya 6.3 Middle 4554 72.4 1645 26.1 -0.6
Lithuania 2.9 High 320 11 234 8 -0.3
Luxembourg 0.6 High 46 8 36 6.3 -0.2
Madagascar 24.9 Low 6506 26.1 7108 28.6 0.1
Malawi 18.1 Low 5732 31.7 5601 31 0
Malaysia 31.2 Middle 7129 22.9 7374 23.6 0
Maldives 0.4 Middle 12 2.8 4 0.9 -0.7
Mali 18 Low 3920 21.8 4159 23.1 0.1
Malta 0.4 High 22 5.1 26 6.1 0.2
Mauritania 4.3 Middle 952 22.1 1064 24.7 0.1
Mauritius 1.3 Middle 152 12 173 13.7 0.1
Mexico 127.5 Middle 15062 11.8 16725 13.1 0.1
Monaco 0.1 unknown 0 0 0
Mongolia 3 Middle 597 19.7 499 16.5 -0.2
Montenegro 0.6 Middle 74 11.8 67 10.7 -0.1
Morocco 35.3 Middle 6870 19.5 6917 19.6 0
Mozambique 28.8 Low 8173 28.3 8665 30.1 0.1
Myanmar 52.9 Middle 10809 20.4 10540 19.9 0
Namibia 2.5 Middle 551 22.2 754 30.4 0.4
Nepal 29 Low 4713 16.3 4622 15.9 0
Netherlands 17 High 574 3.4 648 3.8 0.1
New Zealand 4.7 High 272 5.8 364 7.8 0.3
Nicaragua 6.2 unknown 931 15 0
Niger 20.7 Low 4706 22.8 5414 26.2 0.2
Nigeria 186 Middle 35641 19.2 39802 21.4 0.1
Norway 5.3 High 192 3.7 143 2.7 -0.3
Oman 4.4 High 924 20.9 713 16.1 -0.2
Pakistan 193.2 Middle 25781 13.3 27582 14.3 0.1
Panama 4 Middle 386 9.6 575 14.3 0.5
Papua New Guinea 8.1 Middle 1232 15.2 1145 14.2 -0.1
Paraguay 6.7 Middle 1408 20.9 1529 22.7 0.1
Peru 31.8 Middle 4234 13.3 4286 13.5 0
Philippines 103.3 Middle 10379 10 12690 12.3 0.2
Poland 38.2 High 3931 10.3 3698 9.7 -0.1
Portugal 10.4 High 828 8 768 7.4 -0.1
Qatar 2.6 High 330 12.8 239 9.3 -0.3
Republic of Korea 50.8 High 5931 11.7 4990 9.8 -0.2
Republic of Moldova 4.1 Middle 437 10.8 394 9.7 -0.1
Romania 19.8 Middle 1881 9.5 2044 10.3 0.1
Russia 144 Middle 27025 18.8 25969 18 0
Rwanda 11.9 Low 3782 31.7 3535 29.7 -0.1
Saint Lucia 0.2 Middle 33 18.5 63 35.4 0.9
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 0.1 unknown 9 9 0
Samoa 0.2 Middle 30 15.4 22 11.3 -0.3
San Marino 0 High 1 3 0 0 -1
Sao Tome and Principe 0.2 Middle 60 30 55 27.5 -0.1
Saudi Arabia 32.3 High 7898 24.5 9311 28.8 0.2
Senegal 15.4 Low 3844 24.9 3609 23.4 -0.1
Serbia 8.8 Middle 735 8.3 649 7.4 -0.1
Seychelles 0.1 High 8 8.5 15 15.9 0.9
Singapore 5.6 High 197 3.5 155 2.8 -0.2
Slovakia 5.4 High 360 6.6 330 6.1 -0.1
Slovenia 2.1 High 132 6.4 134 6.4 0
Solomon Islands 0.6 Middle 108 18 104 17.4 0
Somalia 14.3 Low 2664 18.6 3884 27.1 0.5
South Africa 56 Middle 13273 23.7 14507 25.9 0.1
South Sudan 12.2 Low 0 3661 29.9
Spain 46.3 High 1730 3.7 1922 4.1 0.1
Sri Lanka 20.8 Middle 3691 17.7 3096 14.9 -0.2
Sudan 39.6 Middle 9221 23.3 10178 25.7 0.1
Suriname 0.6 Middle 103 18.4 81 14.5 -0.2
Sweden 9.8 High 272 2.8 278 2.8 0
Switzerland 8.4 High 269 3.2 223 2.7 -0.2
Tajikistan 8.7 Middle 1543 17.7 1577 18.1 0
Thailand 68.9 Middle 24237 35.2 22491 32.7 -0.1
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia 2.1 Middle 198 9.5 134 6.4 -0.3
Timor-Leste 1.3 Middle 188 14.8 161 12.7 -0.1
Togo 7.6 Low 2123 27.9 2224 29.2 0
Tonga 0.1 Middle 8 7.5 18 16.8 1.3
Trinidad and Tobago 1.4 High 189 13.8 165 12.1 -0.1
Tunisia 11.4 Middle 2679 23.5 2595 22.8 0
Turkey 79.5 Middle 6687 8.4 9782 12.3 0.5
Turkmenistan 5.7 Middle 914 16.1 823 14.5 -0.1
Uganda 41.5 Low 10280 24.8 12036 29 0.2
Ukraine 44.4 Middle 0 6089 13.7
UAE 9.3 High 1021 11 1678 18.1 0.6
UK 65.8 High 1827 2.8 2019 3.1 0.1
Tanzania 55.6 Low 16211 29.2 16252 29.2 0
USA 322.2 High 34064 10.6 39888 12.4 0.2
Uruguay 3.4 High 567 16.5 460 13.4 -0.2
Uzbekistan 31.4 Middle 3240 10.3 3617 11.5 0.1
Vanuatu 0.3 Middle 42 15.5 43 15.9 0
Venezuela 31.6 Middle 0 10640 33.7
Viet Nam 94.6 Middle 22419 23.7 24970 26.4 0.1
Yemen 28.3 unknown 5248 18.5 0
Zambia 17.1 unknown 3586 21 0
Zimbabwe 16.2 Low 3985 24.7 5601 34.7 0.6



* Income based on Gross National Income (GNI) per capita is the US dollar value of a country’s final income in a year divided by its population using Atlas methodology. Data from World Development Indicators database, World Bank, November 2017.
Send to friend
Click here to enter an extra message...

Visitor Comments

 Security code