Guide to Driving In Czech Republic - Drive Safe in Czech Republic

Are there any special requirements for driving or hiring a car in Czech Republic?

Driving Laws

Seat Belt Laws

It is mandatory for the drivers and rear seat passengers in the Czech Republic to wear a seat belt. 

Drinking and Driving

No amount of alcohol is tolerated when driving in the Czech Republic. It is illegal to drink and drive. 

Must Have Documents

The following documents should be carried with you at all times when driving in Czech Republic:
  • A full and valid driving licence
  • Proof of insurance
  • Proof of ID, such as a passport
  • A V5C certificate
(If you do not have a photo card driving licence, an International Driving Permit is required). 

You also need to carry the following items with you when driving in the Czech Republic; failure to do so can result in on the spot fines. 
  • Headlamp beam deflectors
  • Hi-Vis Vest for driver
  • First aid kit
  • Warning triangle

Speed Limits

Speed Limit Type of road
50km/h Built up area
80km/h On expressways
130km/h On Motorways
90km/h On other roads

Minimum Driving Age

Drivers in the Czech Republic must be 18 years of age or older. 

Safety Camera Warning Devices

Any radar detectors, which could interfere with police equipment, are prohibited. POI radar detectors are allowed. 

On the Spot Fines

The police can issue on the spot fines of up to 5000CZK. This needs to be paid immediately. 

Child Safety Rules

Children must use a child seat or child restraint if they are under 150 cm in height. They must conform to the ECE standard. If a child is travelling in the front seat, air bags must be de-activated. 

Insurance

Rules of the Road

  • Drivers drive on the right hand side of the road 
  • Overtake drivers on the left hand side
  • Drivers need to slow down or stop to allow buses and trams to merge with normal traffic at the end of bus lanes
  • Using a horn is prohibited in Prague during the evening hours. 
  • In order to drive on the motorways in Czech Republic, you will need to purchase a sticker, which needs to be displayed in the wind-screen of the vehicle. This can be purchased at post offices, petrol stations and at border posts. They are valid for 14 months. 

Towing Regulations

It is possible to take your caravan, camper van or luggage trailer to the Czech Republic fairly easily. The maximum dimensions are as follows:
Height - 4m
Width – 2.55m
Length – 18.75m

Speed Cameras

Using Mobile Phones when driving

Using a phone whilst driving in Czech Republic is against the law. 

Parking

You may only park on the right hand side of the road, parallel with the kerb. Yellow lines indicate no parking. If the yellow lines are broken this implies certain restrictions apply, so read any signs carefully. 
If you are a disabled driver, you may display your blue badge and park in designated disabled parking spaces. 

Motor Way Signs

Phrases

Driving phrase in English Driving phrase in Czech
Hello Ajoj
Thank you Dekuji
Good bye Nashle
Help! Pomoc!

Traffic Lights

Traffic lights follow the same three-colour system as in the UK. 

Toll Roads

Toll roads to occur in the Czech Republic. 

Emergency

What to do in an emergency

If you are involved in a driving accident, try to move the car away from the main road if possible and call the police. You should wait for the police to arrive before leaving the scene of the accident. Useful numbers include:
Fire – 150
Ambulance – 155
Police – 158 (Prague city police – 156) 

Fuel Costs

Fuel is readily available at petrol stations in the main towns and tourist areas. The majority of them will accept credit card payments.  

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Hiring a Car

With our Drive Smart guide you're fully prepared to hire a car in Czech Republic and stay safe on unfamiliar roads.